Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Using the Term Paper ServiceThe service of the term paper service is so important that it has become a necessity for many business owners. They need to get the best and most accurate information on their businesses, but the problem is they are not able to do this because they cannot access the information needed to make certain decisions in terms of their businesses.In order to make the most accurate information possible for your business, you need to find a paper that can quickly and accurately to give you accurate information about all the key elements of your company. The service of the term paper service that you find will help you make all the necessary decisions for your business.The first thing you will want to look for when searching for the service is the ability to easily perform a search on the web. Since so many businesses are in a constant state of change, you will want to be able to quickly perform a search on the web for the information you need to have on your busines s.Another benefit of using the term paper service is the ability to search for important information in the most efficient way possible. You will want to be able to easily and quickly find what you need to find. This type of search service will make certain that you can quickly locate the information you need with ease.The term paper service will provide you with the ability to quickly locate and retrieve data. This can be used in many different ways. With the use of this service, you will be able to locate and retrieve data that is needed.The term paper service is also used for those who have questions about certain things related to their business. For example, if you have questions about a new marketing campaign that your company is using, you will want to be able to easily access the information about the campaign with ease. With the use of the term paper service, you will be able to obtain the information you need from the service easily.There are many benefits of using the ser vice. This can be used to quickly locate and retrieve data as well as make sure that you are able to perform a search on the web without any difficulty. With the use of the term paper service, you will be able to perform a search for all the information you need to make certain decisions for your business.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Human Sexuality and Gender Differences The following research is a study of gender differences in selecting romantic partners. The goal of the study was to determine if males and females place different values on characteristics of the opposite sex, while selecting a romantic partner. To research this situation, surveys were distributed at random to both males and females. The survey asked these people to rank features they felt influenced their decision in selecting romantic partners. Through analysis of the surveys, it has discovered that men and women are more similar then expected. On average, both men and women responded that they put more weight in personality traits then they do in physical traits. From person to person,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Another article published by the same journal reported that characteristics at which males and females use to judge potential partners depend on how long the relationship is intended to last. Criteria used for a short-term relationship may differ from that of a long-term relationship. Based on prior research, the research conducted in this study hopes to prove the hypothesis that males place greater weight in physical characteristics while females place more weight in personality. It is believed that the major force that attracts a male to a romantic partner is their physical appearance, while females focus on areas such as cleanliness and ambition. The goal of understanding this relationship is to improve communication. By understanding what drives each sex to choose a romantic partner, communication between the sexes can be improved. Improved communication leads to a more open forum and healthier relationships between the sexes. The sole source of information for this study was collected through the use of a survey. The survey was created specifically for this study and the questions were developed to be unbiased to sex and attractive. The survey listed 25 traits of both physical and non-physical nature. Participants in the survey were then asked to rank the characteristics in terms on importance on a Likert scale of 1 to 5. 5 being very important and 1 being not important at all. The objective of havingShow MoreRelatedThe Nature And Nurture Of The Human Sexuality932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand nurture of the human Sexuality has been a debate argued among scientists and philosophers. It is believed that human sexuality is the key to reproduction and survival. This debate is concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behaviour reflects the influence of genetically arranged maturity or wether it comes from learning and experience. This essay will explain to what extent human sexuality is the result of nature or nurture, it will also relate sexuality to the BiopsychosocialRead MoreSummary Of Beyond Caring : The Demoralization Of Gender1051 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn her article, Ã¢â¬Å"Beyond Caring: The Demoralization of GenderÃ¢â¬ , Friedman states that the difference in moral reasoning between genders is because of the difference in primary moral forms of commitment which structure moral thought. According to Friedman, there are two types of primary moral commitments; the first is commitment to a particular person and the second is commitment to abstract principles, values, and rules. Commitment to a particular person involves focusing on one person, being responsiveRead MoreGender and Human Sexuality1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGender and human sexuality has major importance in lives. This can determine whether a person is healthy or not; not only physically but mentally as well. Also, having a certain gender can change the way feelings are obtain their own character. It is about finding yourself within the gender given and personal human sexuality. Gender can determine actions made by either a male or female called it gender norms. The human sexuality could be defined as thoughts, fantasies, morals, relationship, and attitudesRead MoreDismantling Binaries: Bisexuality947 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesvested interest in keeping them. Without a procedure of making difference among people or by developing a way to tell dissimilar types of people, there would be no source for treating people differently. This disparity treatment is not essentially unequal, social disparity b ut it boils down to treating people differently. Lucal, in his article focuses on the building and preservation of boxes and limits with respect to sex, gender and sexuality. In the society, these boxes and their limits rest on a multiplicityRead MoreSex, Gender, And Sexuality1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSex, gender, and sexuality are words that are constantly are been not understood properly and also misused by societies. But scholars through research and history have come up with basic ways to distinguish what each term means. Starting with the term sex, sex is known as a biological structure of a person (Renzetti 2). There also is another way that sex defined, some believe that the definition of is the meaning the society and each individual gave it, Ã¢â¬Å"or the various ways we express our sexualRead MoreThe Search For OneÃ¢â¬â¢S Purpose And Identity In The World1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof people, such as race, gender, class, sexuality, etc.--exist to avoid social anxiety. The problem lies not just with the existence of stereotypes, but the seemingly blind consent to follow. To combat the invalid views of groups that todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society use as a social crutch, authors, such as Gloria Naylor, Robert Max Johnson, Rosario Morales and others, attempt to expose the discrimination and stereotypes that target sexuality and gender. Sexuality and gender may appear as the same topic;Read MoreSex, Gender, And Gender915 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshormones. People often group sex and gender together as if they are the same thing, but really they are two separate categories. Gender is a category that splits bodies into a binary system of women and men. Ultimately the two terms intertwine because, oneÃ¢â¬â¢s biologically determined sex is assigned a gender role to play. The main difference between the two is that gender excludes biology. Sex represents the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s anatomy and physiological workings and gender represents social forces that mold behaviorRead MoreThe Topic Of Sexuality1144 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduce the topic of sexuality (para)- Horrocks (1997) points out in his book that sexuality encircles multiple aspects of human existence. Sexuality is then, not a uniform or simple phenomenon and is influenced by the interaction of psychological, biological, social, cultural factors and many more. Horrocks (1997), suggests that to try and understand or explain a definitive conclusion about sexuality seems impossible as sexuality has different meanings to so many groups of people. IntroduceRead MoreGender And Sexual Attitudes And Behavior1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesculture it is certain there are gender dissimilarities in the topic of sexuality. Over time scholarly work has proved an abundant amount of different components correlating to the difference in sexuality resulting in the distinctions of sexual behaviors as well as attitudes among males and females. Difference in sexual attitudes and behavior can be seen between genders across various studies. This research study indicates the differences in sexuality according to gender. It is known that most malesRead MoreAn IndividualÃ¢â¬â¢S Sexual Curiosity In And Enticement To Other1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesindividuals; having stimulating feelings and experiences, speak to human sexuality. Different from sexuality, biological sex is classified through genetics, anatomy, hormones and physiology; female or male. An individual s intelligence of their own gender refers to gender identity or sociocultural classification, which is also set apart from sexuality; however, it is constructed on biological sex and shapes sexual orientation. Sexuality is practiced and displayed in several ways that include opinions
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte In this essay I am going to analyse the novel Ã¢â¬ËJane EyreÃ¢â¬â¢ by Charlotte Bronte. Jane is an orphaned child sent to live with her aunt and uncle. Her uncle was her last remaining blood relative and, since he died, she has been severely neglected. She is treated like a slave and is bullied by her cousins. She was locked in a room in which her uncle died in and thought that she saw a ghost of him and fainted. The owner of Lowood boarding school comes to talk to Mrs Reed about her attending the school and Mrs Reed in spite of Jane gives him false information about Jane, telling him that she is a liar. Mr Brocklehurst never forgets what her Aunt said and uses it against her throughout her school lifeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Furthermore he calls her a Ã¢â¬Ëbad animalÃ¢â¬â¢, which shows that he does not feel she is a worthy human being. As a result of the way he acts we can use him as a contrast to Jane, always looking to get her in trouble and she does not like trouble but if she is accused of something falsely, then she will fight and stand up for herself until she is punished. This makes us feel sorry for Jane and take her side. Charlotte Bronte also shows us what other people think and say about Jane. A good example of this is when Mrs Reed is talking to Jane, Ã¢â¬Å"Jane, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like cavillers or questioners: besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent.Ã¢â¬ This is when Mrs Reed was talking to Jane in the drawing room. She treats Jane with no respect and as if she was not even there. Jane is made to feel small and insignificant by Mrs Reed and she does not like it at all. This is another reason that makes us feel sorry for Jane, as she has done nothing wrong and is not wanted by Mrs Reed at all. Another example of what people say about Jane is when she was thought to be asleep in the nursery and Bessie and Abbot were with her, she overheard Bessie saying Ã¢â¬Å"Missis was, she dared say, glad enough to get rid of such a tiresome, ill-conditioned child, who always looked as if she were watching everybody, and scheming plots underhand.Ã¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfeminist, one must see it through the lens of the time and place BrontÃ « wrote it. Charlotte BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s Jane Eyre was a feminist work in that Bronte expressed disdain for oppressive gender structures through the voice of Jane Eyre, and the actions of Bertha Mason. Jane Eyre was a steamy novel for its time, with imagery as blatantly concealed as JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s description of RochesterÃ¢â¬â¢s hand as being Ã¢â¬Å"rounded, muscular; and vigorousÃ¢â¬ ¦long, strongÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (BrontÃ « 312) A modern reader might blush at the description and itsRead MoreJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1437 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestools that depict history. One great work of art that portrays these constant struggles is Jane Eyre by Charlotte BrontÃ «. While addressing social issues of a governess, BrontÃ « also tackles Victorian societyÃ¢â¬â¢s corrupt and unjust ideals by using different settings and characters such as Mr. Rochester and Gateshead Manor. In Jane Eyre, the depiction of a rigid social class restricts the protagonist, Jane Eyre, from marrying her love, Mr. Rochester. Sadly, JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship is also jeopardized by passionRead MoreJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte Within the specter of the Gothic fictions arises the atmosphere of gloom, terror, and mystery with some elements of uncanny challenging reality. One major characteristic function of the Gothic fictions is to open the fiction to the realm of the irrational and perverse narratives, obsessions, and nightmarish terrors that hide beneath the literally civilized mindset in order to demonstrate the presence of the uncanny existing in the world known rationally through experienceRead MoreJane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte781 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThrough her trials and tribulations, Charlotte Bronte has kept her passion for poetry alive and remains as one of the most influential British poets of all times. Even though she is one of the most famous female writers of all times, she is mostly famous for her most popular novel Jane Eyre. Charlotte Bronte has experienced more tragedy in her life than happiness by losing her mother and all five of her siblings. But, in her moments of tragedy, she expre ssed her feelings through poetry. As a resultRead MoreJane Eyre, By Charlotte Bronte949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSurrounded by witnesses, Jane stands in front of the minister, poised to take her marital vows as the mystery of Thornfield unravels. Unbeknownst to her, RochesterÃ¢â¬â¢s actual wife, Bertha Mason, is within close proximity.The knowledge of Bertha, and the mystery, will pose as a test to Jane s morals and her character. Through Jane Eyre, a powerful Victorian-era novel, Charlotte Bronte portrays the role of women in Victorian society while masterfully solidifying JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s role as its polar opposite: anRead MoreJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Jane Eyre by Charlotte BrÃ ¶nte voiced the radical opinions of BrÃ ¶nte on religion, gender, and social class. Jane Eyre, a young orphan who lived with her vituperative aunt and cousins, strayed away from the Victorian ideals of a woman and established a new status for herself. Jane Eyre was originally written in 1827 and was heavily influenced by the late gothic literature of the 19th century. Gothic literary aspects such as supernatural occurrences, mysteries and dark secrets, madness and dangerRead MoreJane Eyre, By Charlotte Bronte1620 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIt is often said that it is the role of literature to challenge and confront the conventional values of a society. In the novel, Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Bronte the idea of challenging and confronting conventional values is stressed often. Perhaps it is in relation to the author herself, as seen in the autobiographical elements recognizable throughout the novel. Some of these autobiographical elements include the form of which the novel is written in, called Bildungsroman where the story is focusedRead MoreJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1203 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe nineteenth-century Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte is considered to be a gothic novel. Gothic literature took place mostly in England from 1790 to 1830, falling in to the category of Romantic literature. The Gothic takes its roots from previous horrifying writing that extends back to the Middle Ages and can still be found in writings today by many authors including Charlotte Bronte. The strong description of horror, abuse, and gruesomeness in Gothic novels reveals truths to readers through realisticRead MoreJane Eyre, By Charlotte Bronte929 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn Jane Eyre, by Charlotte BrontÃ « explores how Jane wants to find love--not just romantic love but to value and sense of belonging. The book challenges how the language of middle-class love affects the way a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s self-identity can alter the action, how Jane sees herself later when she found love and sense of belonging as independent women. When Jane was a child she struggles to find her own identity Jane begins to change through her journey once she realizes her own identity and this helpsRead MoreJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFollowing the ex periences of Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte, expresses many elements of gothic literature throughout her novel Jane Eyre. In her perfect understanding of gothic literature, she expresses the three types of evil commonly found in gothic literature, including the evil of the supernatural, the evil within or the instinctual evil motives of humans, and lastly, the evil because of societal influence. Jane Eyre experiences all of these three evils with her aunt and three cousins with her residency
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Good Practice Note I August 2005 | Number 4 Managing Retrenchment W hether it is the pursuit of new markets or the desire to improve performance or productivity, companies must periodically review and adjust their business plans and processes. The injection of new capital, changes in ownership, or changing economic circumstances can often lead to reorganization and restructuring within a company. It is not uncommon for Job losses to result, and in some cases it may be the only way for a company to move forward and thrive. Loss of employment may be caused by a range of factors from technological change to privatization to total closure of a orkplace. Good Practice Note No one single international definition or universally used terminology exists to categorize such Job losses. Terms used can include: retrenchment, redundancy, downsizing or lay-off. Throughout this Good Practice Note, we use the term retrenchment, which can cover a wide range of dismissals that do not essentially relate to the conduct or capability of the worker. These include ÃâÃ » the closure of a plant, factory, mine, or other workplace, with the total or near-total loss of Jobs ÃâÃ » Job losses arising from a reduction in staffing requirements due to efficiency gains or alling demand for the companys products or services ÃâÃ » Job losses arising from a downsizing in operations or restructuring of the workforce following, for example, privatization. Retrenchment may sometimes be a necessary part of securing future employment for large sections of the workforce. However, the key to a good outcome lies in developing and implementing a retrenchment procedure that achieves the commercial aims of the process while minimizing the impact of Job losses on workers and communities. Such a procedure, often encapsulated in a retrenchment plan, should be founded on idespread consultation (particularly with workers and their representatives) and should seek to ensure that the selection of workers for dismissal is based on principles that are fair and transparent and do not discriminate against particular groups. During the course of the process, efforts should be made to reduce the number of Jobs that have to be lost and to mitigate the effects of the Job losses on individuals, groups, and communities. The aim of this Good Practice Note is to provide guidance to IFC clients and the wider private sector operating in emerging markets on how best to plan and manage significant Job losses. A well-managed process can help avoid a host of problems and result in better outcomes for the company, its employees, and the wider community. This note contains a range of good practice measures that can help companies think through the key issues, avoid common pitfalls and hidden problems, and design a comprehensive retrenchment plan. The development of such a plan is a requirement for IFC-financed investments where a significant number of Job losses is expected. Environment and Social Development Department Whats Inside? 2 The Case for Getting It Right 2 Key Steps in Planning and Managing Retrenchment 5 Consultation Is Critical 7 National and Legal Requirements 8 IFC Requirements 10 Determining Selection Criteria 13 Non-Discrimination 15 Appeals and Grievances 16 Severance Pay 17 Beyond Compensation: Assisting Workers 20 Addressing Impacts on Communities 26 Preparing a Retrenchment Plan Page One Managing Retrenchment The Case for Getting It Right Morale and Productivity It is evident that retrenchment will have a substantial impact on the workers involved. However, the effect can be much more widespread. Those employees who are left behind and managers who deal with the retrenchment can be affected by the rocess, especially if it is badly handled or creates unnecessary conflict. A poorly executed retrenchment process can lead to loss of productivity, low morale, and decreasing economic performance. While it will always be difficult to maintain employee morale during a retrenchment exercise, there is likely to be a better response to a process that appears to be based on clear grounds that employees and their representatives can understand and contribute towards. electing a particular individual over another cannot be explained and Justified. Avoiding Misinformation Sound retrenchment practices should be as transparent as possible. A good communications strategy and clear information will both enable the consultation process to run smoothly and make it much more likely that employees, their representatives and other stakeholders will be able to come up with alternatives to job losses or indicate ways in which the effects of Job losses can be mitigated. Full and frank disclosure of information helps to avoid rumors and misinformation, which again can fuel low morale and lack of productivity in the workplace. A transparent process that engages key stakeholders early on decreases the likelihood of resistance to changes in the longer run. A poorly executed retrenchment process can lead to loss of productivity, low morale, and decreasing economic performance. Legal and Reputational Risks Every country has basic national rules for dealing with collective Job losses and reorganization. An important aspect ot developing and implementing a retrenchment plan is ensuring compliance with national laws and the terms of collective bargaining agreements. This not only ensures that the employer is doing the right thing, but also minimizes the legal risk arising from the retrenchment process. Minimizing risk is an important factor to bear in mind from both a financial and a reputational erspective. Key aspects in this regard include severance payments to individual employees and the nature of consultation carried out with trade unions and other stakeholders. Also important are the transparency and fairness of the selection criteria used to select employees for dismissal. A companys risk of being sued for discrimination, unfairness, or a range of other causes is much higher if the rationale behind Page Two Efficiency It is much easier for a company to manage a retrenchment program that has clear rules and boundaries than one that is open to subjective manipulation. If the process s fair and objective, challenges to the process are also much less likely. Key Steps in Planning and Managing Retrenchment Ensure Retrenchment Is Necessary One of the first questions to ask during any retrenchment process is whether there are alternatives to Job losses. Quite often, workers and their representatives will come up with alternative and innovative ways to deal with particular economic situations so that a large number of people will not lose their livelihood. It is always worth verifying whether the level of job loss proposed is necessary or whether there are alternative ways of achieving the changes sought. Look for Alternatives to Job Losses There are several instances where reducing the number of individuals directly employed by an organization seems to be the most obvious way to achieve necessary savings. However, further consideration and consultation may reveal that alternatives to Job losses might be possible. Options to consider include ÃâÃ » a freeze on new hiring ÃâÃ » enforcement of retirement ages ÃâÃ » reduction in hours worked by existing staff ÃâÃ » outsourcing of particular activities ÃâÃ » an end to using agency and contract workers ÃâÃ » internal transfers and redeployment ÃâÃ » transfer of employees to third party rganizations ÃâÃ » reduction in salaries ÃâÃ » active performance management ÃâÃ » staff involvement to find productivity gains. It is important to consider whether any of these alternatives is viable in the circumstances of each retrenchment exercise.
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
Introduction Life experiences acted as one of the major inspirations to ancient writers. Many writers came up with different writings to express their experiences and visions. The writers came up with books and articles that tried to warn the society about the effects of their actions, while others tried to educate the society on what it needed to do to better its future.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Biographical Analysis of Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One of the writers who came up with a novel based on their experiences was Aldous Huxley. Aldous wrote the book Brave New World, which reflects an astounding outlook of the future that on the surface seems more or less humorous (Trimble 21). Nevertheless, Huxley did not intend to portray humor in his book. Actually, it is hard to decipher the message put forward in the book. He predicted that there would emerg e a regime that would strip people of their freedom. Aldous book is fascinating for he paints a picture of a society attached to a pathetic regime, which is of no use to the common person. As aforementioned, Aldous life experiences contributed largely to this writing. This paper discusses how Aldous life experience influenced the content and style the Brave New World book. Aldous background Aldous Huxley was born in1894 to a famous family that was strongly engrossed to EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s scientific and literary customs. His father was the son of Thomas Henry Huxley, a renowned biologist. On the other hand, her mother shared background with Matthew Arnold, a renowned littÃ ©rateur. Given that he was brought up in a background comprising teachers, writers, and scientists, Aldous got quality education, which allowed him to amass a lot of knowledge. Huxley was a keen learner and during his stint, he was prominent for his intellect and mastery of English (Trimble 28). Moreover, he was ver sed with inventions in the scientific field. In spite of his scientific knowledge being shallow, he was always determined to achieve all that bordered conventional science. His education bordered both science and literature, thus leaving him at a better position to incorporate the contemporary scientific discoveries in his literary works. Influence from life experience Huxley posits, Ã¢â¬Å"Human beings are given free will in order to choose between insanity on the one hand and lunacy on the other handÃ¢â¬ (vii). Most of his opinions in the book reflect his views on the effects of scientific and technological advancement on the future society. After monitoring the society for a long time, Aldous learnt that people derived their happiness from things that were not worth being valued. For instance, people were happy to engage in promiscuity, sports, and utilizing mass-produced products. Lenina claims, Ã¢â¬Å"How I loathe intravenals, donÃ¢â¬â¢t youÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 29), which signi fies the level of promiscuity in the society. In pursuit for happiness, the society ended up sacrificing the most crucial fabrics that united it like family, culture, love, and freedom. With an idea of what scientific and technological advancements were, capable of, Aldous came up with the Brave New World as a way of sending a warning to a society that strongly embraced new changes without thinking about the possible repercussions.Advertising Looking for research paper on british literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Aldous introduces a pleasure-drug, soma. The drug is not actually a utopian wonder drug. Instead, it helps in eliminating hangovers rather than transforming oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. After using the drug, Bernard posits, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢ll be a failure againÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 61). This signifies that the drug did not transform him into learning professional. Desire by the society to look for shortcuts in everything i t does compelled Aldous to bring up the idea of pleasure-drug in his book. Bernard Marx took the drug hoping that it would help him become a sleep-learning professional. Nevertheless, it does not. He posits, Ã¢â¬Å"I know it will be a failure againÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 62) to show that the drug does not meet the intended purpose. Unlike in the past where people engaged in promiscuity, Huxley brings out a new form of promiscuity brought about by scientific and technological advancement. Taking pleasure-drug does not add value to human life in any way. Instead, it triggers an inauthentic and mindless Ã¢â¬Å"moron happiness.Ã¢â¬ Bernard laments, Ã¢â¬Å"No, the real problem is: How is it Ã¢â¬ ¦if I were free-not enslaved by my conditioningÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 61). He intended to bring out the negative effects technological and scientific utopia that people were embracing blindly. If Aldous intended to tease instead of fending off emotional primeval with the biological illusion, then he could h ave visualized perfect wonder drugs that enhanced or underpinned our most treasured standards (Postman 45-52). In peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s imaginations, probably they might have been allowed to (through scientific advancements) embrace novel wonders to transform themselves into the romanticized editions of the kind of people would desire to be. In this case, the utopians could have exploited behavioral conditioning to protract, rather than destabilize, a more compassionate culture of elegant humanity and a life well lived. Nevertheless, Aldous had a different idea when writing his book. His wide knowledge in science gave him an insight on the possible effects of future scientific discoveries. He presents Henry claiming, Ã¢â¬Å"Some men are almost rhinoceroses; they donÃ¢â¬â¢t respond properly to conditioningÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 59). This assertion shows that the conditioning may at times be detrimental. Hence, he wrote the book with an aim of warning the society against embracing all manners of scientific utopianism. Huxley predicted that a time would come when the various castes would resist taking soma. John wonders Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦arenÃ¢â¬â¢t you shortening her life by giving her so much?Ã¢â¬ (Huxley 104). Huxley showed that people like John had started doubting the benefits of the drug. Besides, his fear is confirmed by Dr. Shaw who answers, Ã¢â¬Å"In one sense, yesÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 104).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Biographical Analysis of Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Today, HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s predictions are prevalent. Currently, countries have come up with sanctions against numerous mood drugs (Postman 58). Besides, people fear to use even the approved drugs. Many people suffer from mental challenges that can be resolved using clinically approved anti-anxiety and mood-booster drugs. Nevertheless, many fear using these drugs and believe that the drugs might transform them into zombies. This aspect signifies the level of pessimism, which the contemporary society has towards scientific development. The pessimism emerged after the society learnt that scientists had been taking them for a ride by developing drugs that did not meet their prospects. Apart from education, another main factor that played a significant role in writing the Brave New World book was the illness that befell Huxley during his tender age. While still a teenager, Aldous suffered from eye problem that impaired his sight. Huxley had a dream of becoming a doctor. Nevertheless, as his sight continued deteriorating, it became hard for him to pursue his dream. Imaginativeness and sightlessness form part of the themes that defined his writings. In writing the Brave New World, Huxley intended to bring out the level of blindness that was dominant in the society. Lenina asserts, Ã¢â¬Å"Of course they donÃ¢â¬â¢t. How can they? They donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what itÃ¢â ¬â¢s like being anything elseÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 50). Lenina signifies the level of complacency within society. His inclusion of pleasure drugs and promiscuity that cloud the society intended to portray the magnitude of blindness that infested the society. People were blindly embracing all sorts of scientific and technological utopians without considering their effects. They believed it would help in eliminating their problems. Lenina asks Bernard Ã¢â¬Å"Why do you not take soma when you have these dreadful ideas. You would forget all about themÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 62). The society was unaware of the future effects of this utopia and Huxley believed that he had the duty to help it understand the repercussions of its actions. Aldous Huxley was brought up in a background where love and culture were the social fabrics uniting the society (Smith 12). Families were united and the parents encouraged their children to study and practice all that was right. Mustapha Mond mutters, Ã¢â¬Å"Try to real ize what it was like to have a viviparous motherÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 26), which underscores the value a family had in the past. As the society continued to advance both scientifically and technologically, Huxley learnt that people were gradually doing away with the critical social fabrics that united society. Love and culture was gradually transforming into immorality and individualism. Huxley wrote the book to send a message that the continued technological and scientific advancements would rob the society of one of the most coveted thing, viz. love.Advertising Looking for research paper on british literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He writes, Ã¢â¬Å"Try to imagine what living with oneÃ¢â¬â¢s familyÃ¢â¬â¢ meantÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 27). He used satire to bring out the negative effects of civilization in a way that his readers would understand. The utopian happiness brought by scientific and technological advancement hinged on sacrifice, and to realize it, the society had to part with religion, art, and love. After enjoying parental love during his early age as well as the love of her wife in his later age, Huxley believed that love was the most critical aspect that kept the society together. However, he felt that the demands presented by civilization were likely to tear apart love in society. He sought to sustain love within the society by showing how sexual promiscuity (brought about by civilization) demeaned love. Prior to the onset of civilization, both men and women fancied each other. Besides, they preserved sex since they believed that misusing it would mean dishonoring one another. Nevertheless, civilizati on allowed people to misuse sex thus treating women like prostitutes. In his book, Huxley introduced the idea of the caste system to signify the division that was likely to emerge due to scientific and technological advancement. Mr. Foster asserts, Ã¢â¬Å"We also predestine and condition. We decant our babies as socialized human beings, as Alphas, or Epsilons, as future sewage workers or future directors of HatcheriesÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 11). The affluent people in the society would require the poor to work in their industries, farms, and homes. Hence, they would use all means to ensure that other people did not acquire education, which could liberate them from poverty. Mr. Foster confesses, Ã¢â¬Å"But in Epsilons we donÃ¢â¬â¢t need human intelligenceÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 47), which proves that the affluent can ensure that the poor do not get education so that they remain their slaves. According to Huxley, other castes developed the attitude of respecting Alphas who Ã¢â¬Å"work much harder t han we do, because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re so frightfully cleverÃ¢â¬ (21). In this context, Alphas was the caste in the upper echelon, which symbolized the rich and educated. Aldous came from an educated background. Hence, he had an idea of how the educated had the power to influence the uneducated. At some point, Mr. Foster claims, Ã¢â¬Å"Our colleagues upstairs will teach them to love itÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 13), which proves that the rich have the capacity to make the poor submit to all their demands. His physical blindness compelled him to expose the level of blindness towards science and technology that existed in the society. People believed that technological advancement would have positive effects on their lives. However, according to Brave New World, scientific and technological advancements were meant to benefit the affluent at the expense of the poor. Huxley felt obliged to enlighten the society on this issue since he had the knowledge. Conclusion Writers rely heavily on their life e xperience when coming up with literary works. While some writers use their experience to enlighten or warn the society, others use it to castigate certain values brought about by civilization. One of the factors that influenced HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s writing was his educational background and knowledge in science. He used this experience to enlighten people on the dangers of embracing a utopian society. Another factor that influenced his writing was the blindness that affected him at a tender age. He felt that the society was blind about the dangers of civilization and he had the duty to open their eyes. His book aimed at helping the society to understand the dangers associated with civilization. Works Cited Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World, New York: Buccaneer Books, Inc., 1946. Print. Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business, New York: Penguin, 1998. Print. Smith, Grover. Letters of Aldous Huxley, New York: Harper Row, 1969. Print. Trimble, John. Writing with Style: Conversation on the Art of Writing, New York: Prentice Hall, 2000. Print. This research paper on Biographical Analysis of Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World was written and submitted by user Adalyn Rivers to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Facts and Characteristics of the Caspian Tiger One of three subspecies of Eurasian tiger to go extinct within the last century, the other two are the Bali Tiger and the Javan Tiger, the Caspian Tiger once roamed huge swaths of territory in central Asia, including Iran, Turkey, the Caucasus, and the -stan territories bordering Russia (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, etc.). An especially robust member of the Panthera tigris family, the largest males approached 500 pounds, the Caspian Tiger was hunted mercilessly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, especially by the Russian government, which put a bounty on this beast in a heavy-handed effort to reclaim farmlands bordering the Caspian Sea. Why Did the Caspian Tiger Go Extinct? There are a few reasons, besides relentless hunting, why the Caspian Tiger went extinct. First, human civilization encroached mercilessly on the Caspian Tigers habitat, converting its lands into cotton fields and even looping roads and highways through it fragile habitat. Second, the Caspian Tiger succumbed to the gradual extinction of its favorite prey, wild pigs, which were also hunted by humans, as well as falling prey to various diseases and perishing in floods and forest fires (which grew more frequent with changes in the environment). And third, the Caspian Tiger was already pretty much on the brink, restricted to such a small range of territory, in such dwindling numbers, that virtually any change would have tipped it inexorably toward extinction. One of the odd things about the extinction of the Caspian Tiger is that it happened literally while the world was watching: various individuals were hunted died and were documented by naturalists, by the news media, and by the hunters themselves, in the course of the early 20th century. The list makes for depressing reading: Mosul, in what is now the country of Iraq, in 1887; the Caucasus Mountains, in the south of Russia, in 1922; Irans Golestan Province in 1953 (after which, too late, Iran made hunting the Caspian Tiger illegal); Turkmenistan, a Soviet republic, in 1954; and a small town in Turkey as late as 1970 (although this last sighting is poorly documented). Confirmed Sightings Although its widely considered to be an extinct species, there have been numerous, unconfirmed sightings of the Caspian Tiger over the past few decades. More encouragingly, genetic analysis has shown that the Caspian Tiger may have diverged from a population of (still extant) Siberian Tigers as recently as 100 years ago and that these two tiger subspecies may even have been one and the same animal. If this turns out to be the case, it may be possible to resurrect the Caspian Tiger by as simple an expedient as re-introducing the Siberian Tiger to its once-native lands of central Asia, a project that has been announced (but not yet fully implemented) by Russia and Iran, and which falls under the general category of de-extinction.
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Peer Review - Essay Example Thus three are three broader hypotheses also under which authors attempt to provide a comprehensive view of how the individuals perceive adult development based on their sociological tradition dealing, desirability of the expected change and how it contributes towards development and finally the knowledge that adults hold of the overall development process. The sampling methods adapted were selective sampling method as according to author, the bias towards sampling was necessary. This was necessarily done in order to sample only those respondents who possess the rich vocabulary to describe their beliefs in more eloquent manner. This method therefore allowed researcher to tap the young and educated respondents however, the overall differences in ratings on vocabulary are reported to be minimal within the respondents belonging to different age groups. The overall procedures adapted to gather the data involved mix of the techniques adapted by the researcher. This included oral as well as other means of collecting data under the supervised guidance of the author. Respondents were asked certain questions for rating purposes and the overall results were than analyzed by the authors in order to arrive at a final conclusion. What is also significant to understand that respondents were asked about the different sets of questions within a certain time period i.e. there was two weeks gap between the first and the second session for data gathering by the author. On both the occasions, the procedure was same i.e. respondents were asked to rate certain adjectives in order to understand their perception about the development psychology and underlying hypothesis. The results indicate that there was consensus among the various age group representatives regarding the overall process of adult development. Most of the respondents believed that the